Jakarta, Klinik Farma With four months to go before the November 2023-February 2024 election campaign period, economists believe no presidential candidate has yet concretely presented their economic policy ideas.
Currently, the name of the presidential candidate is actively promoted by several political parties. Among them are Ganzhar Pranovo, who is supported by PDIP-PPP, Anis Baswedan, who is supported by NasDem-Democrat-PKS, and Prabowo Subianto, who has been declared an axis of Gerindra-PKB.
Mohammad Faisal, executive director of the Indonesian Center for Economic Reform (CORE), said the condition shows the limitations of presidential candidates in understanding the macroeconomic policy issues that are solutions for the Indonesian economy.
“And these substances need to appear as part of the program or idea they offer to the future so that the public can recognize them as their constituents,” Faisal told Klinik Farma on Friday (04/08/2023).
Faisal assessed that the current economic policy that the public really needs to hear about Indonesia’s economic transformation. This is closely linked to the next government’s efforts to resist global economic pressures to avoid the middle-income country trap and become a developed country.
“Transformation, which means that the approach to economic development in the future is not business as usual, it should not be the same because we need acceleration,” Faisal said.
“Even though some of the existing things that are being done now are leading to transformation, they are not very significant, they need a lot of refinement, and that is what presidential candidates should propose or convey,” he said.
Faisal acknowledged that President Joko Widodo’s government actually has a good vision and the right direction to tackle Indonesia’s major economic problems, such as the middle income trap, by developing infrastructure downstream towards a green economy.
However, this plan is still unable to accelerate Indonesia’s economic growth to increase per capita income. Thus, he recalled that future presidential candidates should correctly consider the details of their policies.
“There are many weaknesses here that need to be corrected, both in terms of effectiveness in achieving its goals and in terms of inclusiveness, which means that he places emphasis not only on achieving the goals of economic growth and others, but also on what is the seepage effect. , justice for society,” Faisal said.
The executive director of the Center for Economic and Legal Studies (Celios), Bhima Yudhistira Adhinegara, added that in fact one of the presidential candidates, namely Anis Baswedan, repeatedly voiced this economic issue.
“In fact, Anis started a lot with issues of regional inequality, infrastructure efficiency and electric vehicles. In fact, we have not heard anything from Ganjar and Prabowo about future economic ideas,” Bhima said.
However, he acknowledged, the discussion of economic issues has not yet reached a significant level. According to him, this was due to two factors: firstly, the majority of voters belonged to millennials and generation Z, so presidential candidates considered it more relevant to display their image on social networks. The questions raised are more superficial.
Second, he continued, the candidate team still needs time to formulate economic concepts. Usually closer to October-November, when presidential and vice-presidential candidates officially go through the CPU registration process, Bhima believes that there is only an election program that affects economic issues in general.
However, he warned, it is important that the three candidates begin to offer their solutions to today’s economic problems and post-2024 challenges. For example, talking about the problem of youth employment due to high youth unemployment, to the issue of energy transition.
“I am concerned that issues around JETP, carbon markets and alternative sustainable finance are not well understood by presidential candidates. The issue of food and the pressure on purchasing power is also important. It is a pity that not many candidates raised important economic issues. “In fact, in various polls, voters are quite concerned about economic issues,” he said.
Meanwhile, the executive director of the Segar Research Institute, Peter Abdullah, believes that there are no ideas for solving this economic problem, since presidential candidates are still stuck on the issue of forming a coalition.
“Therefore, we did not raise the issue of strategies and programs that will be proposed later in the campaign. The coalition and cavapres do not yet know how they will propose economic strategies and programs,” Peter said.
So, Peter says, the economic discussions often repeated by presidential candidates are still social media-level economic discussions, even though they already have their own teams.
“But the team can still change if a coalition and cavapres are formed later. They also already have an economic concept, but they will not bring it to the public yet. which is not structured yet,” Peter said.
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