Drought hits 27,000 hectares of Indonesian agriculture El Niño effect

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Jakarta, Klinik Farma – The Agency for Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics (BMKG) has warned that the dry season will be drier this year than in 2020, 2021 and 2022. As of August 1, 2023, 63% of Indonesia has entered the dry season, according to BMKG.

As a result, drought occurs in various regions of Indonesia.

The Ministry of Agriculture (Kementan) noted that 27,000 hectares (ha) of agricultural land in Indonesia has been affected by drought. This figure has increased from the 2022 dry season drought area of ​​only 2,700 ha.

On the other hand, he added, some 14,000 hectares of agricultural land were flooded. Based on the collection of data for April-July 2023, the area of ​​land affected by flooding has decreased compared to 2022, when it reached 16,000 ha.

“During this dry season, 1,800 hectares of land were affected by drought due to flooding. Meanwhile, 469 hectares were affected by the drought. the failures were pretty good,” said Ministry of Agriculture (Kementan) Cereal Pest Control (OPT) Coordinator Gandhi Purnama, quoted on Wednesday (09/08/2023).

For this reason, he continued, the Ministry of Agriculture is preparing a number of proactive programs, namely the Landing Movement (Gertham) on 1000 hectares (ha). In 6 main regions, namely: North Sumatra, South Sumatra, West Java, East Java, Central Java and Sulawesi. Plus 4 supporting provinces namely Lampung, Banten, South Kalimantan and West Nusa Tenggara (NTB).

“The Department of Agriculture is taking a number of strategic steps in anticipation of the impact of El Niño. First, Gertam 1000 ha per district and the national movement (Gernas) is fighting the effects of El Niño 500,000 ha in 10 provinces to increase the area under cultivation. (PAT) and performance based on regional maps,” he said.

“We are speeding up planting, if we plant in August, we hope to harvest in November with very tight security between lines from regions to the center,” Gandhi added.

Earlier, BMKG head Dwikorita Karnavati said the dry season this year was drier due to positive El Niño climate events and the Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD). Both phenomena cause a decrease in precipitation, including in Indonesia.

Where, tracking the last 10 days of July 2023, the El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) index shows a value of +1.14, indicating that El Niño intensity has continued to increase since early July. BMKG predicts that El Niño’s impact will peak in August-September 2023.

[Gambas:Video CNBC]

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